Any intrinsic or extrinsic stimulus that evokes a biological response is known as stress. The compensatory responses to these stresses are known as stress responses. Based on the type, timing and severity of the applied stimulus, stress can exert various actions on the body ranging from alterations in homeostasis to life-threatening effects and death. In many cases, the pathophysiological complications of disease arise from stress and the subjects exposed to stress, e.g. those that work or live in stressful environments, have a higher likelihood of many disorders. Stress can be either a triggering or aggravating factor for many diseases and pathological conditions. In this study, we have reviewed some of the major effects of stress on the primary physiological systems of humans.
Much has been discussed about the impact that stress has on health and this factor cannot be ruled out -linked to daily life- as a modifiable risk factor for many diseases.
Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases can be triggered by repeated stress episodes throughout life, taking into account the predisposition that each person may have to suffer from them.
The review in the article is a reminder that stress can have a beneficial or harmful impact on health. It can even make the disease worse in those who already have it. It should not be forgotten that, as already mentioned, stress can be controlled and no longer represent a risk factor to generate disease.
Sometimes, not responding to the stressors is impossible, but at least it should be able to control the physical response that is generated, while this is possible.