I found that opensource software in general is much more popular in under-developer or more poor countries comparing to being much less popular in highly-developed countries
The effect of software being popular can be matched to the market capacity of IT companies, actively participating in the markets.
Under-developer, poor countries like African countries, India, Russia, and some Asian countries, are having opensource software more popular because of several reasons:
- Advertising market is empty - (mostly) nobody promotes any software; so the "choice" is more up to people
- International companies has no interest in these poor markets (again, less ads)
- Local companies are already well-known and usually need to advertisement on local markets (example: 1C Company in Russia; Visma or Evry in Norway)
These reasons leads to less ads and less influence on people's minds.
Affordability and problem of choice
- More rich countries and nations "waste" money more easy: buying (more) expensive goods and food, traveling, partying - they don't have a "problem of choice", they just go-on and spend, and more "living in a moment", while poorer has to always plan something
- People are generally more poor - they don't have money to buy commercial software even if they wanted to
So, poorer people take their time, look at more options, counts their money and in result choose more wisely in general. Of course, finding an opensource software opens-up a large thought in their minds ("oh, there's so much software - and it's free! I should check it up!), so most of the time they don't have to pay a dime (they like it?) and most of the time they also can compare to commercial companies and see that with opensource they usually get much better and faster support (from the community, forums, developers, twitter, reddit, quora etc.)
- Strangely, but I see knowledge levels in poorer countries higher both in general and in specific knowledge spheres. This might be because of several reasons:
- poorer countries spread this idea: "if you study very-very well, you will have opportunity to find a good job and earn more money" (than most people in the country actually do), and sometimes people study much harder (of course not all of them gets the good opportunities in result, but at least)
- education can be free or nearly-free for most of the people nowadays, and when you don't have much money to spend, you stay at home and learn
But what poorer countries lack, is an opportunity to actually "use" this brains towards the nation's welfare. While more rich countries has a "good public image" and tend to be attractive for migration. In the result, people from poorer countries move towards more rich and all good changes are happening in rich countries. Sadly for me, this is (currently) not the case for opensource software in Norway.
So, to sum up: for opensource software to be more popular, you need more educated people with higher research and survey capabilities
Sources and thoughts
So, where do the article info comes from? I lived nearly 30 years in Russia and now I moved for my first year to Norway. While I can't tell that Russia is opensource-friendly country, I would say (at least!) in some points - it is. People are at least aware of something and more IT people in general uses open-source software. Level of knowledge of IT experts in Russia are in general higher.
Norway is by-far rich country and it's of course much smaller. However, it can be compared to a one region of Russia at least by means of population. While trying to compare, I see total usage and awareness of opensource software in Noway is much lower. As example numbers, take number of opensource distributions of operating systems in Russia vs. Norway:
- Russia: ROSALinux, ALT Linux, Calculate Linux, AstraLinux, ASP Linux, ReactOS, KolibriOS, Runtu
- Norway: (partially) Alpine...
As another example, Russia has pretty large large Ubuntu, SUSE, Arch, Manjaro communities; a lot of LUG (Linux User Group) activity; while Norway is much less active in distro-building and LUGs.
Norway does manages, however, UBports community and Debian Edu (Skolelinux), but in general it's less even comparing to 1 region of Russia.
I see this as a very contradictory thing. People actually do think in Norway, because we can look at different market in here: electric cars. Yes, it's totally different market and it definitely has some advertisements both from local and international companies, but still, to buy an electric car you need to think of opportunities, compare your own benefits, understand the ecological part behind that etc. So at least in the eco-minded way of things here in Norway, people are well educated.
Question to audience
How do you think, is it possible to improve Norwegian opensource climate with some sort of tool or advertising campaign? It's so hard to tell, but if you have any thoughts, I'd be glad to hear them!
Thank you for reading,@sxiii aka Den Ivanov from Oslo